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Cleveland Ohio Legal Blog

Some Type 2 diabetes patients are misdiagnosed

There are thousands of people in Ohio and tens of millions of people nationwide that live with diabetes. This disorder that inhibits processing of insulin comes in several forms, some often diagnosed among children and others among adults. Treatments may include supplemental insulin, medications to lower blood sugar, changes to diet and other lifestyle alterations, and those treatments may vary considerably depending on the type of diabetes the person has. While diabetes is quite common, many people may also be misdiagnosed with the wrong type of diabetes. Misdiagnosed patients may receive the wrong type of treatment as a result, leading to ineffective blood sugar control and other negative health conditions.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of the disorder. It typically develops as a form of insulin among adults, and over time, b-cell insulin secretion goes down. On the other hand, Type 1 diabetes, which is sometimes called juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disorder that leads to destruction of the b-cells. Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults, or LADA, is similar to Type 1 diabetes in that it is an autoimmune disorder; however, it develops gradually and is typically diagnosed among adults.

Parking lots can be a surprising source of serious accidents

With all of the current upheaval going on across the country, people are in the middle of preparing for self-isolation, possible quarantine and "shelter in place" initiatives. The need to prepare may even have hit you, so you are urgently attempting to get together the supplies you will need for at least two weeks, if not longer.

This means spending more time than usual in stores as you struggle to find what you and your family need. It is also a good time for a reminder about how dangerous parking lots can be if you aren't careful.

3 frequent signs of peripheral artery disease

Across the U.S., an estimated 8 to 12 million people over the age of 50 suffer from peripheral artery disease, a condition where the build-up of plaque in the veins causes a restriction on blood flow to the limbs. In severe cases, it can completely cut off blood flow and lead to tissue damage. Ohio patients may suffer a heart attack or a stroke or need to have a foot or leg amputated as a last resort.

There are three common signs of PAD that patients should look for, the first being what's called intermittent claudication. This refers to the muscle cramps in the hips, legs and feet that patients may experience when exercising. These movements create an increased demand for blood, and when PAD prevents the muscles from getting this blood, they cramp. The pain may even linger on while patients are resting. This is not the most obvious of symptoms, though. A study from Circulation Research found that only around 15% of PAD patients experience intermittent claudication.

Advanced biopharma may offer mesothelioma treatment options

Mesothelioma is a form of cancer that affects people in Ohio who have worked with asbestos. In most cases, people are only diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma once the cancer has developed significantly. As a result, they may have few options for effective treatment, although early detection may provide more opportunities. Some people may develop mesothelioma decades after asbestos exposure, usually at work in industries that involved heavy contact with the dangerous fibers. While mesothelioma typically develops in the lining of the lungs, it can also affect the heart, abdomen, testicles, and other parts of the body.

Some technological developments may offer new opportunities for people to be diagnosed and treated earlier on in the development of mesothelioma, including artificial intelligence technologies that model the human immune system. By scanning the tissue of mesothelioma patients, biopharma technologies may be able to differentiate mesothelioma patients with a high degree of accuracy, leading to earlier diagnoses and treatment. In addition, these technologies might be able to discern which patients are likely to respond to different treatment options. There are other high-tech developments that could provide opportunities for future mesothelioma patients, including the potential to create artificial, bio-identical organs for transplant.

New bill proposes interstate travel for truckers under 21

A hearing held in February 2020 by the Senate Commerce Subcommittee on Transportation and Safety has explored the various concerns over a proposed bill called the DRIVE-Safe Act. This bipartisan bill, introduced in February 2019, proposes that interstate travel be opened even to those commercial truckers under the age of 21. Ohio, like most states, allows drivers as young as 18 to obtain a CDL but restricts them to intrastate travel.

The bill specifies that there would be a probationary period for these drivers before they begin interstate travel. They would have to complete 400 hours of driving, at least 240 of which must be with another truck driver 21 or older in the passenger seat.

Pfizer Hit With Lawsuits Over Zantac Cancer Risk

Pfizer Inc. has been hit with a proposed class action lawsuit over claims that the pharmaceutical company should have known that its heartburn drug Zantac was contaminated with a "carcinogenic and liver-damaging impurity" but failed to warn consumers, according to Law360. At least two other similar lawsuits have been filed, one in Florida and another in Colorado.

5 ways to minimize risk of medication errors

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, four out of five Americans take prescription medicines, over-the-counter drugs or various supplements every week. Some Ohio residents may take multiple medications at the same time. In fact, around one-third of all adults nationwide take five or more medications simultaneously. This raises the risk for injuries and death sustained by an adverse drug event.

While doctors and pharmacists can do a lot to prevent such incidents, patients must make take an active role as well. There are five tips that patients should take to heart. The first is to know one's own dosage and follow all the instructions regarding dosage. Patients should be aware that dosage levels differ between adults and children. Next, patients must know their height and be honest about their weight as these also help in determining dosage.

A C-section might be warranted in these circumstances

When you're expecting a baby, you no doubt rely heavily on your Ohio doctor or midwife to help keep you and your child as healthy and safe as possible. While you may tire of going to your prenatal appointments, especially as you near your due date and mobility becomes more cumbersome, it's important to have regular examinations. Your obstetrician or midwife is specially trained to recognize signs of maternal or fetal distress.

During labor and delivery, any number of issues may suddenly and unexpectedly arise that might warrant a C-section. However, there are also adverse health conditions that you or your baby might have before you go into labor that would warrant the same. This is why it's critical to stay closely connected to a licensed obstetrician or certified midwife throughout your pregnancy.

Avoiding fatigue when driving a CMV

CMV drivers work long hours and sometimes exceed the number of hours they are allowed to drive in a single shift. This translates to a great number of drowsy truckers in Ohio and across the U.S. Drowsiness is not unavoidable; drivers simply need to be aware of it and take the right steps to address it.

First of all, there is only one enduring solution to drowsiness, and that is adequate sleep. The sleep must be restful, too, so truckers should not go to bed with an empty stomach or after a heavy meal. Next, they should avoid all medications that cause drowsiness, such as sleeping pills and cold or allergy medicines. If possible, they should try not to drive during those times when the body naturally gets tired. One such period goes from roughly 2 pm to 4 pm.

New large truck crash study could be forthcoming

In 2018, there were 4,415 fatal crashes involving large trucks, which was a 52.6% increase since 2009. It also represented a 5.7% increase since 2016, and the latest data has prompted the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to conduct a study. In 2003, the FMCSA conducted a similar study in which it analyzed 120,000 crashes involving commercial vehicles. However, the the agency says that changes in technology, road design and driver habits have influenced driver performance since the last study was conducted.

For example, people are more likely to use cellphones while driving, and they also have greater access to advanced safety tools such as automatic braking systems. Advances in navigation systems have also likely changed how individuals drive their trucks. In addition to studying fatal crashes, the FMCSA also wants to collect more data about crashes that cause bodily injury or property damage.

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